Description of the Topic

Water Sources consists of  13 different types of water sources which are found in many countries in Africa. The cards are used to help prompt participants  to discuss some of the health challenges they may face if they use water from an unprotected source.


How to use Card set  7.a. ‘Water Sources’ 

This set can be used in three ways:

  1. A participant holds up the card to the audience and describes the water source and if it is safe to use for drinking.
  2. They can be used to rank safety of different technologies from unsafe to safe,
  3. It can be used in formative research to help project managers make some assessment to be made as to who uses what type of water source.
  4.  The cards can be used to find out if  people know which of  the ‘Common Diseases’ (card set 2.a.) are caused by unsafe water.

Link to the Facilitator instructions for the topic

Click here  for instructions in English 

Click here for instructions in French 

1. Unprotected open source
5. Protected spring water
9. Buying from water kiosk
13. Unprotected rainwater from roof
2. Unprotected mountain spring
6. Borehole with hand pump
10. Cement rainwater tank
3. Open river water
7. Communal tap
11. Plastic rainwater tank
4. Collecting water from rainwater puddles
8. Private tap with meter
12. Gravity pipeline and tank


ENGLISH                                                                                             FRENCH

1Unprotected open source
2Unprotected mountain springUne source non protégé de la montagne
3Open  water from a riverL’eau libre d’une rivière
4Collecting water from rainwater puddlesCollecte de l’eau des flaques de la pluie
5Protected spring waterEau de source protégée
6Borehole with handpumpForage avec pompe
7Communal tapRobinet communal
8Private tap with meterRobinet privé avec compteur
9Buying from water kioskAchat de kiosque à eau
10Cement rain water tankCisterne  d’eau de pluie de ciment
11Plastic rain water tankCisterne en plastique d’eau de pluie
12Gravity pipe line and tankLigne et réservoir de pipe de pesanteur
13Rainwater from roof, unprotectedL’eau de pluie du toit, non protégé